Amendments to CME Rule 432 (General offenses) went into effect February 16, 2017. These amendments expand upon the protective measures previously found in CME Rule 432. The amended rule now extends liability for fraud and bad faith (432.B.1); manipulative devices, schemes, and artifices to defraud (432.H.); and delivery of false, misleading or inaccurate crop or market information (432.J.) to include mere attempts to engage in such activities.Read More
Citigroup Global Markets Inc. (Citi) settled with the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) on January 19, 2017 over the CFTC’s allegations that five traders at Citi “spoofed” the U.S. Treasury futures markets and that Citi failed to supervise the trading activity of its employees. Pursuant to the Order, Citi must pay a fine of $25,000,000 and must maintain systems and controls that, at a minimum, detect and generate reports on trading activity that may be spoofing. Read More
Last June British voters shocked the world by answering affirmatively to a referendum that, if acted on, would remove the United Kingdom from the European Union. The political and economic implications of this decision were and still remain largely unknown, but we outlined some of the possibilities in our initial post about this topic over the summer.Read More
On Wednesday, November 9, 2016, Navinder Sarao pled guilty to spoofing and wire fraud before Judge Virginia Kendall in the Northern District of Illinois. After unsuccessfully fighting his extradition from the UK, Sarao became the second person found liable for violating Dodd-Frank’s anti-spoofing statute after Michael Coscia was convicted last year.Read More
As large financial institutions partner with Fintech start-ups to test blockchain technology, it is no surprise that governments are also experimenting with blockchain to see any potential savings in transaction costs when clearing and settling payments. Recently, the national governments of Canada and the United Kingdom tested the technology. The Central Bank of Canada conducted a trial in conjunction with the New York based start-up R3 CEV, whereby banks received digital coins that represented the bank’s funds in an account at the Central Bank of Canada. Banks then exchanged the digital coins between themselves and the Central Bank through an Ethereum-based network. The UK government began an experiment using blockchain to distribute welfare payments in July of 2016, and even the State of Illinois established a working group in 2016 to explore how blockchain could increase efficiency. Read More
Igor Oystacher, the now-infamous trader nicknamed “the Russian,” and his proprietary trading firm, 3Red Trading, informed the Northern District of Illinois on October 19, 2016, that the parties agreed to settle with the CFTC on the agency’s spoofing allegations. The settlement announcement came after Oystacher and 3Red failed to convince the court to dismiss the case in September 2016. Yet, while the terms of the agreement are currently unavailable, this case demonstrates the federal government’s increasing scrutiny of market manipulation and suspect trading practices.Read More
Effective Jan. 14, 2017, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) will be revising its fee schedule. The upcoming changes are set forth in full in this final rule and summarized in this USPTO publication. Most fees will increase, as the USPTO attempts to “align fees with full costs.” At the same time, the changes aim to make electronic filing less expensive, and hence more attractive, than paper filing. With the USPTO having seen seven years of consecutive increases in the number of trademark filings and the trend expected to continue, this price differential is intended to encourage a shift to more efficient electronic filing.Read More
This article discusses how original dance choreography can be protected from imitation, so that choreographers can protect and profit from their creativity and hard work.
Prior to the Copyright Act of 1976 (the “Act”), a choreographer’s right to his or her work was uncertain. Since the enactment of the Act, “choreographic works” have been expressly included among the categories of creative works that are entitled to legal protection.Read More
When we’re sitting on the couch at home watching TV, it’s easy to forget how much effort and resources went into creating that content. In most circumstances, film production entails a significant investment on the part of the filmmakers and their financiers. These funds, in turn, create jobs and generate revenue.
Many state governments have realized the impact that film production can have on the local economy and have attempted to incentivize it within their borders. Illinois is one of these states. The Illinois Department of Commerce encompasses the Illinois Film Office (“IFO”), which administers the Illinois Film Production Tax Credit (“Tax Credit”). The IFO claims that last year this tax incentive accounted for around $330 million of revenue within the state.
The helpful IFO staff recently presented on the topic in detail at the Museum of Broadcast Communications and at 2112. If you’re interested in taking advantage of the Tax Credit, here are top 10 things we think you should keep in mind to capitalize on it.Read More